Materials and Methods examples. Sample 1: In preparing the catecholase extract, a potato was skinned, washed, and diced g of the diced potato and ml of distilled water were added to a kitchen blender and blended for approximately two minutes. The resulting solution was filtered through four layers of cheese cloth. The extract was stored in a clean, capped container. Jun 27, · Methods / Materials Overview. These sections of the research paper should be concise. The audience reading the paper will always want to know what materials or methods that were used. The methods and materials may be under subheadings in the section or incorporated together. The main objective for these sections is to provide specialized materials, general procedures, and methods to judge the scientific value of the paper. What goes in the materials section of a research paper? Materials. Describe the materials, measures, equipment, or stimuli used in the experiment. This may include testing instruments, technical equipment, or other materials used during the course of research. How do I prepare for a study group? MATERIALS AND METHODS. This section is variously called Methods or Methods and Materials. 1. Function: In this section you explain clearly how you carried out your study in the following general structure and organization (details follow below). An APA-style paper includes the following sections: title page, abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion, and references. Your paper may also include one or more tables and/or figures. Different types of information about your study are addressed in each of the sections, as described below. General formatting rules are as follows.
Materials section of a research paper
The scientific format may seem confusing for the beginning science writer due to its rigid structure which is so different from writing in the humanities.
One reason for using this format is that it is a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings to the broad community of scientists in a uniform manner. Another reason, perhaps more important than dissertation on global warming first, is that this format allows the paper to be read at several different levels.
For example, many people skim Titles to find out what information is available on a subject. Others may read only titles and Abstracts. Those wanting to go deeper may look at the Tables and Figures in the Resultsand so on. The take home point here is that the scientific format helps to insure that at whatever level a person reads your paper beyond title skimmingthey will likely get the key results and conclusions.
Top of page. Most materials section of a research paper scientific materisls are subdivided into http://the-maxwell-group.com/free-essays-online/write-resumes.html following sections: TitleAuthors and AffiliationAbstractIntroductionMethodsResultsDiscussionAcknowledgmentsand Literature Citedwhich parallel the experimental process.
This is the system we will use. This website describes the style, content, and format associated with each section. The sections appear in a journal style paper in the following prescribed order:.
Experimental process Section of Paper What did I do in a nutshell? Abstract What is the problem? Introduction How did I solve the problem? Materials and Methods What did I find out? Results What does it mean? Discussion Who helped me out? Acknowledgments optional Whose work did I refer to? Literature Materiaps Extra Information Appendices optional. Main Section Headings: Each main section of the paper begins with a heading which should be capitalizedcentered at the beginning of the section, and double spaced from the lines above and below.
Do not underline the section heading OR put a colon at the end. Subheadings: When your paper reports on more than one experiment, use subheadings to help organize the presentation. Subheadings should be capitalized first letter in each wordleft justified, and either bold materials section of a research paper OR underlined. Function papsr Your paper should begin with a Title that succinctly describes the contents of the paper.
Use descriptive words that you would associate strongly with the content of your paper: the molecule studied, the organism used or studied, the treatment, the location of a mzterials site, the response measured, etc.
A majority of readers will find your paper via electronic database searches and those search engines key on words found in the title. The title is not a section, but it is necessary and important. The title should be short and unambiguous, yet be were 911 essay help you adequate description of the work.
A general rule-of-thumb is that the title should contain the key words describing the work presented. Remember that the title becomes the basis for most on-line computer searches - if your title is insufficient, few people will find or read your paper.
For example, in a paper reporting on an experiment involving dosing mice with the sex hormone estrogen and watching for a certain kind of courtship behavior, a poor title would be:. It is very general, and could be referring to any of a number of mouse behaviors.
A better title would be :. Because the key words identify a specific behavior, a modifying agent, and the experimental organism. If possible, give eection key result of the study in the title, as seen in the first example. Similarly, the above title could be restated as:.
Strategy for Writing Title. Function : An abstract summarizes, in one paragraph usuallythe major aspects of the entire paper materixls the following prescribed sequence:. Whereas the Title can only make the simplest statement about the content of your article, the Abstract allows you to elaborate more on each major aspect of the paper.
The length of your Abstract should be kept to about words maximum a typical standard length for materiqls. Limit your statements concerning each segment of the paper i. The Abstract helps readers decide whether they want to read the rest of the paper, or materials section of a research paper may be the only part they can obtain via electronic literature searches or in published abstracts.
Therefore, enough key information e. How do you know when buy college essay video have enough information in your Laper A simple rule-of-thumb is to imagine that you are another researcher doing an study similar to the one you are reporting. If your Abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy setion the information presented there? Use the active voice when possible, but much of sectiion may require passive constructions.
Write your Abstract using concise, but complete, sentences, and get to the point quickly. Use past tense. Maximum length should be words, usually in a single paragraph. Strategy : Although it is the first section of your paper, the Abstract, by definition, must be written last since it will summarize the paper. To begin composing your Abstract, take whole sentences or key phrases from each section and put them in a sequence which summarizes the paper. Then materials section of a research paper about revising or adding words to make it all cohesive and clear.
As you become more proficient you will most likely compose the Abstract from scratch. Check your work : Once you have the completed abstract, check to make sure that the information in the abstract completely agrees with what is written in the paper. Confirm that all the information appearing the abstract actually appears in the body of the paper. Quite literally, the Introduction must answer the questions, " What was I studying?
Why was it an important question? What did we know about materizls before I did sectino study? How will this study advance our knowledge? Style : Use the active voice as much as possible. Some use of first person is okay, but do not overdo it. Structure : The structure of the Introduction can be thought of as an inverted triangle - the broadest part at the top representing the most general information and focusing down to the specific problem you studied.
Organize the information to present the more general aspects of the topic early in the Introduction, then narrow toward the more specific topical information that provides context, finally arriving at your statement of link and rationale.
A good way to get on track is to sketch out the Introduction backwards ; start with the link purpose and then decide what is the scientific context in which you are asking the materials section of a research paper s your study addresses. Once the scientific context is decided, then you'll have a good sense of what level and type of general information with which the Introduction should begin.
Top of Page. This section is variously called Methods or Methods and Materials. Function : Mmaterials this section you explain clearly how you carried out your study in the following general structure and organization details follow below :. Organize your presentation so your reader will understand the logical flow of the experiment s ; subheadings work well for this purpose.
Each experiment or procedure should be presented as a unit, even if it was broken up over time. The experimental design and materials section of a research paper are sometimes most maaterials presented as an integrated unit, because otherwise it would be difficult to split them up. In general, provide enough quantitative detail how much, how long, when, etc. You should also indicate the statistical procedures materials section of a research paper to analyze your results, including the probability level at which you determined significance usually at 0.
Style : The style in this section should read as if you were verbally describing the conduct of the experiment. You may use the active voice please click for source a certain extent, although this section requires more use of third person, passive constructions than others.
Avoid use of the first person in this section. Remember to use the past tense throughout - the work being reported is done, and was performed in the past, not the future. The Methods section is not a step-by-step, directive, protocol as you might see in your lab manual. Strategy for writing the Msterials section. Describe the organism s used in the study. This includes giving the 1 source supplier or where and how the orgranisms were collected2 typical size weight, length, etc3 how they were handled, fed, and housed before the materials section of a research paper, 4 how they were handled, fed, and housed during the experiment.
In genetics studies include the strains secyion genetic materials section of a research paper used. For some studies, age may be an important factor. For example, did you use mouse pups or adults?
Seedlings or mature plants? The description must include both physical and biological characteristics of the site pertinant to the study aims. Include the date s of the study e. It is often a good idea to include a map labeled as a Figure showing the study location in relation to some larger more recognizable geographic area.
Someone else should be able to go to swction exact location of your study site if they want to repeat or check your work, or just visit your study area. Describe your experimental design clearly. Be sure to include the hypotheses click to see more tested, controlstreatmentsvariables measured, how many replicates you had, what you actually measuredwhat form the data take, etc.
Always identify treatments by the variable or treatment name, NOT by an this web page, generic name or materials section of a research paper e. When your paper includes more materials section of a research paper one experiment, use subheadings to help organize your presentation by experiment.
A general experimental design worksheet is available to help plan your experiments in the core courses. Describe the procedures for your study in sufficient detail that other scientists could repeat read more work to verify your findings.
Foremost in your description should be the "quantitative" aspects of your study - the masses, volumes, incubation times, concentrations, etc. When using standard lab or field methods and materials section of a research paper, it is not always necessary to explain the procedures e.
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Materials section of a research paper
It is also important to explain why your participants took part in your reseagch. Sample 1 : In preparing the catecholase dissertation vie maupassant, a potato was skinned, washed, and diced. This Essay writing guide will help to write your essay. Did you repeat yourself anywhere? An APA-style paper includes the following sections: title page, abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion, and references. You should also indicate the statistical procedures used to analyze your results, including the probability level at which you determined significance usually at 0. This hypothesis makes complete sense, given all the other research that was presented. For example, in reporting a study of the effect of an experimental diet on the skeletal mass of the rat, consider first materials section of a research paper the acknowledgements masters thesis on skeletal mass for the rats fed the control diet and then sectikn the data for the rats fed the experimental diet. A good introduction will summarize, integrate, and critically evaluate the empirical knowledge in the relevant area s in a way that sets the stage for your study and why you conducted it. How do materials section of a research paper findings tie into the existing literature on the topic, or extend previous research?
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