Jun 12, · Child Protective Services Research Paper Child. Just from $13,9/Page. Get custom paper. For 30 old ages, advocators, plan decision makers, and politicians have joined to promote even more studies of suspected kid maltreatment and disregard. Their attempts have been successful, with about three million instances of suspected kid maltreatment holding been reported in therefore, child protective services may not be able to intervene without evidence to harm to child. Emotional abuse is almost always present when other forms are identified. Limitations of the Study I will not be conducting my own action research but instead evaluating current studies in the areas of child abuse and neglect. Oct 25, · Currently, Australia is taking a public health approach to child protective services. "In most states child protection services are part of a broader department of human services" (Lamont & Bromfield, ). The dramatic increase in services to children in danger has come with a . EFFECTIVENESS OF CHILD PROTECTIVE SERVICES INTERVENTIONS AS INDICATED BY RATES OF RECIDIVISM David Travis Solomon Western Carolina University (March ) Director: Dr. Kia Asberg Child maltreatment is a pervasive problem with a number of negative consequences, both in terms of human suffering and economic costs. This issue is compounded by the. Child Protective Services Essay Words | 4 Pages. The organization under investigation is Child Protective Services, also referred to as CPS, which is an agency within the Department of Family and Protective Services. CPS is a governmental organization that has existed for years. The agency is designed to protect children from abuse and neglect. Child Protective Services research papers discuss the government agency that responds to allegations of child abuse or neglect in the United States. Research papers on Child Protective Services illustrate how this government agency is part of the social services of the United States. Sociology courses may look at social agencies in the government that affect various sectors of society. The purpose of this paper is to research child abuse from all angles to try to understand what we as a society may be doing wrong, and also what we may be doing right to help the young victims of child abuse.
Research paper on child protective services
The U. Congress and legislatures in every State have established a public mandate to protect children from abuse and neglect. While there is considerable literature on the etiology, conditions, and consequences of child maltreatment, the literature on the organization and functions of the agencies that deliver CPS is sparse.
In addition to a literature review, the National Study conducted an analysis of written CPS policy in all States and the District of Columbia, a survey of the practices of randomly selected local CPS agencies, and site visits to some of the agencies that had reported innovative practices in the local agency survey.
This paper summarizes paprr findings on practice and policy, and changes being undertaken, which were identified during the National Study.
Topics include background information, screening and triage, investigation, collaboration with law enforcement, alternatives to investigation, collaboration in providing services, and looking toward the future.
These findings were discussed at a symposium of persons knowledgeable of CPS policies research paper on child protective services practices and their observations are included in this paper.
Tommy Thompson, Secretary of the U. Paprr of Health and Human Services, declared The number of children who are being abused and neglected in this country is a daily tragedy. Almost two-thirds of the calls were accepted for investigation or further assessment, while the remaining calls were screened-out as being inappropriate protectjve better served by other agencies.
CPS agencies conducted investigations or assessments for more than 3 million children, and 29 percent approximatelychildren were found to be victims of maltreatment. The survey of local agencies indicated that there are approximately 2, CPS public agencies. Every county in the United States is served by its own local CPS agency or shares an agency with one or more other counties.
Duringthere were an estimated 42, CPS caseworkers and supervisors including part-time staff in these agencies. Agencies ranged in size from less than 4 caseworkers to more than 17 caseworkers. Most caseworkers please click for source a bachelors researfh some had advanced degrees such as a Masters of Social Work.
The local agency survey indicated that for approximately one-quarter of agencies, recent changes focused on infrastructure. Such changes included how staff are researchh to provide services, the implementation of information systems, and the development of new training.
These are important tools to address tensions between public expectations and available resources. Particularly in large agencies, issues of efficiency and attention to management information systems can be viewed as strategies to address workload constraints and the improvement of services.
More than 25 years ago, the passage of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act CAPTA resulted in most States implementing legislation that requires citizens and professionals to report cases of suspected child abuse and servics to a designated public agency.
Screening and triage of these referrals is the first core function of CPS because the process determines if research paper on child protective services agency will conduct an investigation or assessment of the allegation screened-in referrals or not screened-out referrals and what type of response should be offered triage. Ln related to screened-in referrals are concerned with the type and urgency of investigation or assessment that will be conducted; decisions related to screened-out referrals consider if read more appropriate agencies should be notified.
Almost all State policies specifically referred to the statutory definitions of child abuse and neglect when identifying what types of referrals should be screened in.
In research paper on child protective services to the four major types of maltreatment neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and emotional maltreatment some State policies apper other specific conditions that would be screened in.
Such conditions included children research paper on child protective services than 13 years with sexually transmitted diseases, families who had another child removed by the child welfare agency and had a new baby, sexually aggressive youth, a referral by specific mandated reporters, and women who used drugs during pregnancy. The survey of local agencies found that referrals were received from statewide or local hotlines. The screening process included additional activities. Automated information systems enabled local agencies to review existing CPS records on protecgive the pape or the perpetrator.
In some cases, additional information may research paper on child protective services sought from other persons. See Figure 2. There was significant variation among States as to how quickly workers were required to make a response to a screened-in referral. Eighteen States specified one timeframe, most within 1 or 3 days. Twelve States specified two timeframes one for high-priority referrals and one for low-priority referrals. Twenty-one States made finer distinctions.
For example, one States policies specified that the response to high-priority referrals should commence within hours of receipt of the referral, within hours for intermediate referrals, and within research paper on child protective services calendar days for low-priority referrals.
Families seeking housing, concerns about animals, some types of health issues, and issues related to adults, would be eligible for screening out. Other common reasons for screening out calls were that the allegation did not meet the State definition of abuse or neglect, the perpetrator was not a caregiver, or the child could not be located. Some States had policies for screening out children who had a low-risk of maltreatment.
States differed greatly in their definitions of what was considered low-risk, and the methods for assessing low-risk during the screening process. The majority of State and local agencies had policies and procedures for referring screened-out reports to the police or sheriffs office, another part of the child welfare agency, or to a local community agency based upon the nature of the allegation.
For some States, diverting a referral to a local community agency meant that an offer of services would be made to the family, which the family could accept or not. Several local agencies indicated that they had made recent changes or were planning to make changes to screening practices by increasing the use of additional tools by screening workers and by increasing training of potential reporters of abuse or neglect.
Screening practices are important to many advocates for an improved CPS system. Some suggest that more restrictive screening protocols will result in some cases being overlooked and ultimately in poorer outcomes for children. Others maintain rewearch given the high proportions of screened-in referrals that are found not be substantiated, screening should be more stringent.
While this study could not determine whether or not screening research paper on child protective services being appropriately conducted, it did find that:. It is difficult to make an assessment when workers cannot talk to the principal research paper on child protective services directly or at the time of referral because it is a potential criminal case situation.
Traditionally, CPS agencies have responded to screened-in allegations of abuse and neglect by conducting an investigation of the childs family environment. The goals of conducting an investigation are ambitious to determine if a child can safely live with his or her family, whether abuse or neglect has occurred, whether other children in the family are also victims of abuse or neglect, and whether there is a risk for future abuse or neglect.
In other words, CPS workers have the difficult tasks of figuring out what has happened and predicting what will happen. The majority of State policies specified that investigations require a determination of whether abuse or neglect has occurred or the child is at risk of maltreatment; a plan to assess and protect the child; and a determination of the with writing scholarship essays help for services.
Very few States identified that investigations were intended to maintain the family. The focus of the investigation policy in most States was on whether or not abuse research paper on child protective services neglect had occurred with some State investigation policies also explicitly addressing whether the child was at chilr of abuse or neglect in research paper on child protective services future.
Assessments of imminent safety and risk of harm in the future were commonly included in policy directives. About one-half of the States also specified that determining the need for services was a purpose of the investigation or assessment. States used different criteria for accepting that an allegation can be papwr or substantiated.
See figure 3. Almost one-half of the States used relatively high standards of evidence, such as preponderance or clear and convincing. Other States use lower standards such ascredible, reasonable, or probable cause. About one-fifth of the State policies did not explicitly provide the standard of evidence.
State policies also differed in the timeframes for completing an investigation. See figure 4. There was a great deal of commonality among servides agencies in investigation activities. When asked whether procedures would always, sometimes, rarely, or never be followed, more than two-thirds of agencies in the Nation were estimated to always include the following activities during an investigation:.
There was, however, less commonality on other critical investigation parameters. Between 34 to 65 percent of agencies agreed that the following activities were always conducted:. Agency surveys indicated that there were many barriers to completing investigations. More than two-thirds of agencies always or sometimes had difficulties in the following areas:. Many local agencies research paper on child protective services recent changes in investigation practices including revising their interagency protocols, clarifying parental resarch concerns, and changes to the collaboration with law enforcement.
The survey of local agencies found that for certain forms of maltreatment such as being at-risk of physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, or emotional maltreatment; moderate neglect; moderate or severe emotional maltreatment; and lack of supervision, abandonment, or drug- exposed infants the Servicew agency was usually the lead agency.
However, CPS agencies shared responsibility research paper on child protective services the more severe forms of maltreatment. Less than one-third of CPS agencies shared responsibility or were the lead agency for investigating moderate or severe sexual abuse, severe physical abuse, and child fatalities with other agencies, primarily law enforcement.
See figure 5. Law enforcement has traditionally assisted with the removal of children from the home during an investigation. Indeed, policies in most localities stipulated that only members of the police or sheriffs office could remove children. Nationally, it is estimated that during21 percent of victims were removed during or as an immediate result of an investigation, with State-level percentages ranging from 6 percent to 49 percent. In addition, there are emerging areas of cooperation between the two agencies including cases involving domestic violence and substance abuse.
Finally, a more precise specification of the arrangement between law enforcement and CPS may help CPS agencies to clarify and reemphasize their role in providing in to support families. Agencies reported that they have made recent changes in how they work with law enforcement aimed at improving the sharing of information, colocation, and increasing training opportunities.
During the symposium, several experts stated that standards of due process rights of parents are being addressed with increased attention in the States. For example, families may receive written documentation that outlines their rights and explains why an investigation is being conducted, how information will research paper on child protective services used, with whom the information will be shared, and the notification process.
My essay class for 8 neighbour on support family rights, interviews may also be taped and chikd families provided with written transcripts. There was general agreement among the symposium participants that due process is an important area, because research paper on child protective services the potential for removing a child from his or her parents.
However, there was also a concern that this process will result in a more adversarial investigations. Potentially, there may be a negative impact on building relationships with families, which would increase the difficulty of gathering information on the status of the child. The involvement of law enforcement in protection of children has been called a collision of two cultures.
During the symposium discussion that focused on the legal procedural protectuve of investigation, a few participants raised an issue central to the future reform of CPS. This concern was discussed in terms of whether it is necessary to make a determination if an allegation is substantiated or not. One participant stated that workers should not substantiate cases if the family cooperated with the agency.
She suggested that there may be little value in establishing that the allegation can be substantiated because it might alienate the family from the worker, who is trying to help the family.
Portective suggested that the role of CPS should be to return to conducting servicee social work and documenting what happened instead of focusing on reaching a disposition. Another participant asked Should we not be assessing for needs instead of assessing to determine chlld While most policies indicated that conducting a formal investigation as to whether a child has been or is at risk of being maltreated is a core function of CPS agencies, 20 States reported that they also had policies providing research paper on child protective services an alternative response.
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Research paper on child protective services
The age of six is somewhat on the cusp of Piaget's stages of preoperational and concrete operational. Social Work 48, no. In some Hispanic cultures, article source example, parents may not be socialized to express anger directly. Sometimes a child's action research paper on child protective services cause that repressed anger to erupt. Under the new system, Children's Research paper on child protective services will be set up "at the local level to bring experts - psychologists, social workers, education officials - together, with a local director ultimately accountable. There is besides no manner to cognize how many kids the professionals recognized as being mistreated but chose non to describe to the survey. One of the observations that was made that correlates with CPS social workers overlooking cases is overinclusion. There was significant variation among States as to how quickly workers were required to make a response to a screened-in referral. To make these ends attainable, the agency is active both with guardians, non-guardians, and various facets of the court system to ensure the overall welfare of children Child Welfare, References Administration for Children and Families.
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